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Fall Concert 2011

Mozart's Vesperae solennes de Confessore (Vespers)
Haydn's Missa Brevis (Little Organ Mass)

Fall Concert 2011 Program (incl. Latin Libretto and English Translation)

The Central Pennsylvania Oratorio Singers


W. A. Mozart



F. J. Haydn

Missa Brevis

A Sacred Concert Performance by Choir, Soloists and Orchestra

Market Square Presbyterian Church

20 South Second Street Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

November 13, 2011

3:00 p.m.

Central Pennsylvania Oratorio Singers

Eric R. Riley, Conductor

The Central Pennsylvania Oratorio Singers was organized to study and perform the major masterworks for choir, soloists and orchestra. This church-community organization is part of the outreach program of Market Square Presbyterian Church. New members are welcome. Interested singers should contact Eric Riley at (717) 257-1270. For further information about the Oratorio Singers, please visit our web site:

Officers & Production Staff

Terry Barber, President 

Karen Smith, Vice President

Chris Lee, Secretary

Ronald Shawler, Treasurer and Ticket Sales

Gail Witmer, Mailing Lists

Bob Rudi, Web Master

Cathy Becker, Church Liaison

Many Choir Volunteers

Accompanist: William Ingraham

Market Square Presbyterian Church

Rev. Stephens Lytch, Interim Pastor

Rev. Kelly Wiant, Associate Pastor

Eric Riley, Organist and Director of Music

Pat Hassinger, Administrative Assistant 

From the Conductor

Welcome to the first concert by the Central PA Oratorio Singers in our new home at Market Square Church! I am thrilled to share with you music of two of the “giants” of the Classical era in western European music history: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Franz Joseph Haydn.

The Vesperae solennes de Confessore (K. 339) or simply “vespers” was written in 1780 for late afternoon or early evening service at the Cathedral of Salzburg, Austria. The vespers service, like the ordinary of the Mass, has a set of unchanging texts – they are from Psalms 111-113, 117 and Luke 1:46-55, with a Gloria Patri (lesser doxology) concluding each movement. Stylistic conventions from church music of the time, operatic practice and even Baroque counterpoint combine to form energetic and engaging movements. Mozart often employs a dialogue between the chorus and one or more of the soloists, accentuating the sense of momentum, fluidity and drama within the ancient texts. Even the treatment of the doxology is skillfully worked into the formal structure of each movement so that the liturgical formula is always musically logical and fresh.

Missa brevis Sancti Joannis de Deo is also known as the “Little Organ Mass” due to an organ solo in the “Benedictus” movement. This work was composed sometime between 1775 and 1778. It was written for a religious order devoted to providing medical services to the poor. The founder of this order was Saint John of God (1495-1550), hence the title, Sancti Joannis de Deo. The overall structure of this Mass suggests that it was intended for use in an actual Eucharist, with the individual movements kept quite brief as befits music for a religious service. Haydn manages to demonstrate all the grace and charm of his larger works in this short form.

The mid-late 1700’s was a time of great contention between church leaders and church musicians over the role of music in divine worship. In response to the increasingly common use of operatic techniques and conventions by composers, the church leaders wanted shorter forms and clarity of text to be of paramount importance. In a half-hearted attempt to comply, composers like Haydn and Mozart used a technique called “telescoping” or “compressing” the text. In some movements they would assign a different phrase of the text to each voice part, thus shortening the movement but making a cacophony of unintelligible syllables. Listen for this cacophony in the beginning of the “Laudate Pueri” of Mozart and in the “Gloria” and “Credo” movements of the Mass. Listen also for the way “light shines on the text” when the chorus comes together with the same words after the telescopic treatment. 

Preparation and performance of these choral masterworks is a spiritual as well as a musical journey for the singers in CPOS. So, it is with great sincerity that we say, along with J. S. Bach and countless other musicians across the centuries and around the world, “Soli Deo Gloria” – glory to God alone! 

Eric R. Riley

Sharla Nafziger, soprano

Ms. Nafziger made her New York recital debut at Merkin Hall in 2001 as the winner of the Joy in Singing Competition, and was a prizewinner in the Connecticut Opera Guild Vocal Competition, the Liederkranz Foundation Competition and the Oratorio Society of New York’s annual solo competition. She earned her Bachelor’s degree from University of Toronto and completed her Master’s degree in voice performance at Manhattan School of Music. Her teachers have included Carol Forte in Toronto, and Patricia Misslin, Cornelius Reid and Ellen Shade in New York City.

Recent seasons include Messiah at Carnegie Hall with the Oratorio Society of New York, the National Philharmonic Orchestra (MD) and the Pensacola Symphony. She gave the orchestral premiere of Larry Nelson’s Seven Clay Songs with Orchestra 2001 in Philadelphia and sang the role of Niki de St. Phalle in Scott Wheeler’s opera The Contruction of Boston with The Boston Cecilia. She appeared at New York City Opera as Frasquita and Juliette (Die Tote Stadt), and premiered of Kieren MacMillan’s Drunken Moon, and Schoenberg’s Pierrot Lunaire in a staged production with the Pittsburgh New Music Ensemble. At Carnegie Hall in the spring of 2005 she sang the role of Amore opposite contralto Eva Podles in a concert performance of Gluck’s Orfeo ed Euridice. Other recent appearances include the Florida West Coast Symphony, the Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra, Elora Festival, the Mormon Tabernacle Choir, the Mendelssohn Choir of Toronto, Amadeus Choir of Toronto, Pro Coro Canada, Voices of Ascension (NYC), the National Chorale at Avery Fisher Hall, and the orchestras of Edmonton, Calgary, Kingston, Windsor, and Stamford (CT). 

She can be heard on the Naxos Label in a live recording of Scott Wheeler’s opera The Construction of Boston (role of Niki de St. Phalle), and Lully’s Ballet Music for the Sun King with the Aradia Ensemble. On the Telarc label she is heard as Die Erste Elfe in Strauss’ Die Agytische Helena with the American Symphony Orchestra, and Albany Records in Nelson’s Seven Clay Songs. Other recordings include Music of the Moravians with the Bach Festival Society of Winter Park, and Drunken Moon (MacMillan) with the Pittsburgh New Music Ensemble. She is also featured on the ERM Media label in the premiere of Boaz Tarsi’s Concerto for Soprano and Orchestra, with the Kiev Philharmonic Orchestra. 

Jan Barnhart received vocal coaching at Millersville University, where he sang in the college choir. At Millersville he enrolled in the Church Choir Directors Certification program, and was choir director at St. Paul’s Chapel, Red Lion, PA for nine years. He has sung with various choral groups in the York and Harrisburg areas, and has participated in various festival and special event groups. In addition to singing with the choir in his parish, St. John the Baptist Episcopal in York, he is presently a member of the York Ecumenical Choral Society.

Debra Hancock is a graduate of Messiah College, where she majored in voice and performed with many college choral groups. She has directed the choir at Baughman Memorial United Methodist Church in New Cumberland and teaches both piano and voice. Debra is active in the music ministries of Aldersgate UMC, and performs as a soloist in area churches and weddings. She has been a member of the Central Pennsylvania Oratorio Singers since the group’s inception.

Christine Riley has worked as a Director of Music and vocal instructor since graduating from Westminster Choir College with a Bachelor of Music degree. While living in Ohio, she was the Director of the Canton Children’s Chorus for 15 years and sang with Voices of Canton and Singers Companye. In 2001 Christine performed in Corofest Umbria and soloed in the Ora Mystica series at the Spoleto Festival of Two Worlds in Italy. Christine has also sung with the James River Opera Company and the Richmond International Festival of Music in Virginia. 

While in upstate NY for 15 years, she sang with the Syracuse Symphony Orchestra, Syracuse Vocal Ensemble, Syracuse Opera Company and the Artpark Opera Productions in Lewiston. Presently retired, Christine is active in the Market Square Church music program and teaches a few private voice students. She enjoys playing golf and tennis and growing organic vegetables in the summer.

John Sharpe has sung in operas, oratorios, and recitals, and has conducted choral groups and orchestras. He has performed more than 60 operatic roles. Along with opera and oratorio, he has performed several recitals, one in Carnegie Recital Hall. John graduated from Georgetown College, Georgetown, Kentucky, and holds a Master of Music degree from Florida State University. John has frequently appeared as a soloist with the CPOS over the years, and currently serves as bass soloist for Pine Street Presbyterian Church. A past president of the Wednesday Club, he resides in New Cumberland, Pennsylvania. 

W. A. Mozart

Vesparae Solennes de Confessore KV339


Debra Hancock, soprano; Christine Riley, alto; Jan Barnhart, tenor; John Sharpe, bass

Dixit Dominus Domino meo:

Sede a dextris meis,

donec ponam inimicos tuos

scabellum pedum tuorum.

The Lord said unto my Lord:

Sit at my right hand

until I make your enemies

your footstool.

Virgam virtutis tuae

emittet Dominus ex sion:

dominare in medio inimicorum tuorum.

The scepter of your power

the Lord shall send forth from Zion:

Rule thou in the midst of your enemies.

Tecum principium in die virtutis tuae,

in splendoribus sanctorum:

ex utero ante luciferum genui te.

The power to rule is with you on the

day of your strength, in the splendor the holy ones:

I have begotten you from the womb before the rising of the day-star.

Juravit dominus,

et non poenitebit eum:

Tu es sacerdos in aeternum

secundum ordinem Melchisedech.

The Lord has sworn an oath,

and will not repent of it:

You are a priest for ever,

after the order of Melchisedech.

Dominus a dextris tuis,

confregit in die irae suae reges.

The Lord at your right hand

destroys kings on the day of his wrath.

Judicabit in nationibus,

implebit ruinas,

conquasabit capita in terra multorum.

He shall judge among the heathen;

he shall pile up ruins

and scatter skulls on many lands.

De torrente in via bibet,

propterea exaltabit caput.

He shall drink of the torrent in his way;

Therefore he shall lift up his head.


Debra Hancock, soprano; Christine Riley, alto, Jan Barnhart, tenor; John Sharpe, bass

Confitebor tibi, Domine,

In toto corde meo;

Inconsilio justorum,

Et congregatione.

I will praise you, O Lord,

with my whole heart;

in the council of the just,

and in the congregation.

Magna opera Domini,

exquisita in omnes voluntates ejus.

Great are the works of the Lord,

made excellent by all his choices.

Confessio et magnificentia opus ejus;

et justitia ejus manet

in saeculum saeculi.

His work is praiseworthy and magnificent;

and his justice continues

from generation to generation

Memoriam fecit mirabilium suorum,

misericors et miserator Dominus.

He has made a remembrance of his wonders;

being a merciful and gracious Lord.

Escam dedit timentibus se.

Memor erit in saeculum testamenti sui.

He provided food for those that fear him.

He will be forever mindful of his covenant.

Virtutem operum suorum

annuntiabit populo suo.

The power of his works

he will make known to his people.

Ut det illis

Hereditatem gentium:

opera manuum ejus

veritas et judicium.

So that he may give them

the inheritance of the Gentiles:

the works of his hands

are truth and good judgement.

Fidelia omnia mandata ejus,

confirmata in saeculum saeculi,

facta in veritate et aequitate.

All his commandments are trustworthy,

confirmed from generation to generation,

created in truth and equity.

Redemptionem misit Dominus populo suo;

Mandavit in aeternum testamentum suum.

Sanctum et terribile nomen ejus:

The Lord has sent salvation to his people;

He has mandated his covenant for ever.

Holy and terrifying is his name:

Initium sapientiae timor Domini;

intellectus bonus omnibus

facientibus eum.

Laudatio ejus manet

in saeculum saeculi.

The beginning of wisdom is the fear of the Lord;

All who practice this fear

have a good understanding.

His praise endures

from generation to generation.

Beatus Vir

Sharla Nafziger, soprano; Christine Riley, alto; Jan Barnhart, tenor; John Sharpe, bass

Beatus vir qui timet dominum,In mandatis ejus volet nimis.

Blessed is the man who fears the Lord,

who delights in his commandments.

Potens in terra erit semen ejus

generatio rectorum benedicetur.

His seed shall be mighty upon the earth;

The generation of the righteous shall be blessed.

Gloria et divitiae in domo ejus,

et justitia ejus manet in saeculum saeculi.

Glory and prosperity shall be in his house;

and his justice endures from generation to generation.

Exortum est in tenebris lumen rectis,

misericors et miserator et justus

A light has risen in the darkness

for the upright: one who is merciful, compassionate, and just.

Jucundus homo, qui miseretur

et commodat, disponet sermones

suos in judicio.

Happy is the man

who sympathizes and shares,

who chooses his words with discretion:

Quia in aeternum non commovebitur.

In memoria aeterna erit Justus,

ab auditione mala non timebit.

Paratum core jus sperare

in Domino.

Because he will not be troubled for eternity;

the just man shall be in

everlasting remembrance.

He shall not fear evil tidings;

his heart is ready to hope in the Lord.

Confirmatum est cor ejus;

Non commovebitur

donec despiciat inimicos suos.

His heart is strengthened;

he shall not be shaken

until he looks down upon his enemies.

Dispersit, dedit pauperibus,

justitia ejus manet

in saeculum saeculi.

Cornu ejus exaltabitur in gloria.

He disperses, he gives to the poor;

his justice endures

from generation to generation.

His horn shall be exalted with honor.

Peccator videbit et irascetur,

dentibus suis fremet et tabescet:

desiderium peccatorum peribit.

The wicked will see, and be angered;

he will gnash with his teeth, and waste away.

The desire of the wicked shall perish.

Laudate Pueri

Laudate pueri Dominum,

laudate nomen Domini.

O Praise the Lord, ye children,

praise the name of the Lord.

Sit nomen Domini benedictum ex hoc

nunc et usque in saeculum.

Blessed be the name of the Lord

from henceforth now and forever.

A solis ortu usque

et ad occasum,

laudabile nomen Domini.

From the rising of the sun

even unto its setting,

the name of the Lord is praiseworthy.

Excelsus super omnes gentes Dominus,

Et super coelos gloria ejus.

The Lord is high above all nations,

his glory is above the heavens.

Quis sicut Dominus Deus noster,

qui in altis habitat,

Who is like the Lord our God,

who dwells on high,

Quoniam confirmata est

super nos misericordia ejus,

et veritas Domini

manet in aeternum.

For his lovingkindness

has been bestowed upon us,

and the truth of the Lord

endures forever.

Magnificat Anima Mea

Sharla Nafziger, soprano; Christine Riley, alto; Jan Barnhart, tenor; John Sharpe, bass

Magnificat anima mea Dominum

Et exultavit spiritus meus

in Deo salutari meo.

My soul magnifies the Lord.

and my spirit has rejoiced

in God my saviour.

Quia respexit humiltatem

ancillae suae:

ecce enim ex hoc

beatam me dicent omnes generationes.

For he has regarded the low estate

of his handmaiden:

for behold, henceforth all generations

shall call me blessed.

Quia fecit mihi magna

qui potens est:

et sanctum nomen ejus.

For he who is mighty

has done great things to me;

and holy is his name.

Et misericordia ejus a progenie

in progenies timentibus eum.

And his mercy is on them who fear him,

from generation to generation.

Fecit potentiam in bracchio suo;

dispersit superbos

mente cordis sui.

He has shown strength with his arm;

he has scattered the proud,

even the arrogant of heart.

Deposuit potentes de sede,

Et exaltavit humiles.

He has deposed the mighty from their seats,

and exalted the humble.

Esurientes implevit bonis:

et divites dimisit inanes.

The hungry he has filled with good things.

And the rich he has sent empty away.

Suscepit Israel puerum suum,

recordatus misericordiae suae.

He has helped his servant Israel,

in remembrance of his mercy.

Sicut locutus est ad patres nostros,

Abraham et semini ejus in saecula.

As it was spoken to our fathers,

To Abraham and his seed forever.

Gloria Patri, et Filio,

et Spiritui Sancto.

sicut erat in principio, et nunc, et semper,

et in saecula saeculorum, Amen.

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son,

and to the Holy Spirit.

As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever

shall be, world without end, Amen.


F. J. Haydn

Missa Brevis Sancti Joannis de Deo


Kyrie eleison,

Christe eleison,

Kyrie eleison,

Lord have mercy,

Christ have mercy,

Lord have mercy.


Gloria in excelsis Deo.

Et in terra pax

hominibus bonae voluntatis.

Glory to God in the highest.

And on earth peace

to all those of good will.

Laudamus te. Benedicimus te.

Adoramus te. Glorificamus te.

We praise thee. We bless thee.

We worship thee. We glorify thee.

Gratias agimus tibi

propter magnam gloriam tuam.

We give thanks to thee

according to thy great glory.

Domine Deus, Rex coelestis,

Deus Pater omnipotens.

Lord God, Heavenly King,

God the Father almighty.

Domine Fili unigenite, Jesu Christe.

Domine Deus, Agnus Dei,

Filius Patris.

Lord Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son.

Lord God, Lamb of God,

Son of the Father.

Qui tollis peccata mundi,

miserere nobis.

Qui tollis peccata mundi,

suscipe deprecationem nostram.

Qui sedes ad dexteram Patris,

miserere nobis.

Thou who takest away the sin of the world,

have mercy upon us.

Thou who takest away the sin of the world,

receive our prayer.

Thou who sittest at the right hand of the Father,

Have mercy upon us.

Quoniam tu solus sanctus.

Tu solus Dominus.

Tu solus Altissimus, Jesu Christe.

For Thou alone art holy.

Thou alone art the Lord.

Thou alone art the most high, Jesus Christ.

Cum Sancto Spiritu

in Gloria Dei Patris. Amen

With the Holy Spirit

the glory of God the Father. Amen.


Credo in unum deum,

Patrem omnipotentem,

factorem coeli et terrae,

visibilium omnium, et invisibilium.

I believe in one God,

the Father almighty,

maker of heaven and earth,

and of all things visible and invisible.

Et in unum dominum Jesum Christum,

Filium Dei unigenitum.

Et ex patre natum ante omni saecula.

And I believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ,

The only begotten Son of God,

Born of the Father before all ages.

Deum de Deo, lumen de lumine,

Deum verum de Deo vero.

God from God, Light from Light,

True God from true God.

Genitum, non factum,

consubstantialem Patri:

per quem omnia facta sunt.

Begotten, not made,

of one substance with the Father

by whom all things were made.

Qui propter nos homines,

et propter nostrum salute descendit de coelis.

Who for us and for our salvation

came down from heaven.

Et incarnates est de Spiritu Sancto ex Maria Virgine.


And was incarnate by the Holy Spirit and of the Virgin Mary.

And was made man.

Crucifixus etiam pro nobis sub Pontio Pilato:

passus, et sepultus est.

Crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate,

he suffered, and was buried.

Et resurrexit tertia die,

secundum Scripturas.

Et ascendit in coelom:

sedet ad dexteram Patris.

And on the third day he rose again,

according to the Scriptures.

He ascended into heaven and

he sits at the right hand of the Father.

Et iterum venturus est cum gloria,

judicare vivos et mortuos:

cujus regni non erit finis.

He shall come again with glory

to judge the living and the dead;

and of his kingdom there will be no end.

Et in Spiritum Sanctum

Dominum, et vivificantem: 

qui ex Patre Filioque procedit.

And I believe in the Holy Spirit,

the Lord and Giver of life,

who proceeds from the Father and the Son.

Qui cum Patre, et Filio

simul adoratur et conglorificatur:

qui locutus est per Prophetas.

Who together with the Father and the Son

is adored and glorified;

who spoke to us through the Prophets.

Et unam, sanctam, catholicam

et apostolicam Ecclesiam.

And I believe in one holy, catholic

and apostolic Church.

Confiteor unum baptisma

in remissionem peccatorum.

I confess one baptism

for the remission of sins.

Et expect resurrectionem mortuorum.

Et vitam venturi saeculi. Amen.

I await the resurrection of the dead,

and the life of the world to come. Amen.


Sanctus, Sanctus, Sanctus,

Dominus Deus Sabaoth.

Holy, Holy, Holy,

Lord God of Hosts.

Pleni sunt coeli et terra gloria tua.

Hosanna in excelsis.

Heaven and earth are full of thy glory.

Hosanna in the highest.


Sharla Nafziger, soprano

Benedictus qui venit

in nomine Domini.

Hosanna in excelsis.

Blessed is He who comes

In the name of the Lord.

Hosanna in the highest.

Agnus Dei

Agnus Dei

qui tollis peccata mundi:

miserere nobis.

Lamb of God,

who takest away the sins of the world,

have mercy upon us.

Agnus Dei

qui tollis peccata mundi:

miserere nobis.

Lamb of God,

who takest away the sins of the world,

have mercy upon us.

Agnus Dei

qui tollis peccata mundi:

dona nobis pacem.

Lamb of God,

who takest away the sins of the world,

grant us peace.


Shirley Cahill

Jairee Counterman

Cheryl Crider

Esther Dell

Dorcas Eaken

Debra Hancock

Ellen Jenkins

Patrecia Langley

Lawree Merz

Kathleen Miller

Marla Mullinax

Darlene Murray

Lois Richwine

Karen Schmidt

Katy Shupp

Karen Smith

Phyllis Smith

Judy Stammerman

Kathy Stuebing

Lou Ann Thomas


C. Faith Baker

Pam Barney

Allison Barber

Priscilla Bashore

Annette Bruce

Jean Clegg

Sheri Dohner

Sheri Geyer

Cheryl Hayward

Elaine Hoover

Thelma Hurne

Julie Jones

Ellie Meadowcroft

Bernadette Obringer

Christine Riley

Marilyn Smith

Kathy Venneri

Betsy Wendlek


Jan Barnhart

Daniel Bruce

Frank Hughes

Joel Kaltreider

Christie Kauffman

Lynn Knepp

Chris Leahy

Chris Lee

Carl Lehman

Lamar Lehman

Eldon Nafziger

Tom Rhen

Roger Sieber

Dean Van Orden


Terry Barber

Thomas Edmondson

Harold Hollabaugh

Gordon Kauffman

Tim Long

Bob Rudi

John Sharpe

Ronald Shawler

David Yoder


John Eaken, Concertmaster 

Brian R. Rose


Joe McAnulty

Micah Albrycht


Rachael Kauffman

Brenda Johnson


Devin Howell


Kimberly Buchar Kelly


Vanessa Shenk

Priscilla King


Michael Clayville

Ron Axsom

Peter Edwards


David Knott


Ellen Hunt